Meet the OPTF
This page is provided to current and prospective holders of the cryptocurrency “Oxen” in order to disclose relevant information in regard to the corporate structure of the primary contributors to the “Oxen” software, and legal rights and responsibilities that are or are not afforded to users of the “Oxen” software.
“Oxen” is a protocol that establishes a user-operated decentralised payments and private routing network using cryptography and peer-to-peer networking technologies. The “Oxen” protocol is defined in a whitepaper which outlines the structure and function of the network on a broad conceptual level. An implementation of this concept is written into the ‘oxen-io/oxen-core’ software. This software was derived from the Monero project, another cryptocurrency project. The ‘oxen-io/oxen-core’ software is completely open-source, and is made available for anyone to use WITHOUT WARRANTY. It is left to users of the software to review its code, assess its strengths, weaknesses, and security, and determine the software’s suitability for their use cases. Contributors and distributors of this software cannot be held liable for any loss incurred in association with its use.
The ‘github.com/oxen-io/oxen-core’ software is currently the only known software that is compatible with the “Oxen” network. However, anyone is able to create alternative implementations of the Oxen protocol, whether these alternative distributions are based on the existing software or not. So long as the rules of the network are followed, users of alternative software distributions can interact with other users on the “Oxen” network without restriction.
At times, the users of the “Oxen” network may decide to change the network rules in order to meet some end. Such changes are often referred to as a ‘hardfork’ or similar, and if successful, they will render older software versions (or incompatible alternative versions) non-functional on the new network. These changes are substantiated by the community infrastructure providers of “Oxen”. Users should familiarise themselves with the hard-fork process present in many cryptocurrency projects before using the “Oxen” software.
The “Oxen” concept is not owned by any individual or entity, and the Oxen software is open-source, meaning anyone can use, alter, or distribute the software for any purpose. The Oxen network is not owned or controlled by anyone. The network is maintained by users who operate nodes. No company is responsible for the network’s maintenance or operation, and no one party has the authority to block transactions or shut down the network. However, flaws in the software or certain attacks could result in the network being temporarily or permanently stopped.
While no person or entity owns the Oxen software or concept, branding and other intellectual property associated with Oxen is owned by various companies that work on Oxen. Domain names, GitHub repositories, trademarks, and other branding materials are held by the Oxen Privacy Tech Foundation, whose legal name is LAG Foundation Ltd, a not-for-profit company limited by guarantee based in Australia.
Users of the software can own Oxen coins by possessing a private key associated with a public key which has Oxen connected to it on the blockchain. Users can generate a proof that tells the rest of the network that a given ‘output’ (a record of an amount of Oxen) is owned by the user. If a private key is lost or exposed, coins sitting in outputs able to be unlocked by that private key may be stolen or be rendered permanently irrecoverable.
The Oxen software provided to users of Oxen is issued with the following:
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS “AS IS” AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
LAG Foundation Ltd, Rangeproof Pty Ltd, and other companies and individuals who work on Oxen can, and often do, participate in the operation of the Oxen network. This includes the running of full nodes, the mining of blocks, and the creation and maintenance of Service Nodes.
LAG Foundation Ltd does run a limited number of Service Nodes using the funds generated during the premine and over time through the governance block reward. A policy has been implemented by the Board that LAG Foundation Ltd may run up to 10% of the total Service Node network, calculated on the basis of a 30 day average. For example, if there are an average of 450 nodes on the network over a 30 day period, the Foundation will run no more than 45 nodes. This limit effectively means that the Foundation will be collecting 20% of the block reward, between its 10% share of the Service Node network, and the standard 10% governance reward.
The Foundation uses the same software as is publicly available on the oxen-io/oxen-core GitHub repository.
LAG Foundation Ltd, Rangeproof Pty Ltd, and other companies and individuals who work on Oxen can and often do participate in the Oxen markets. Specifically, over the period between July – October 2019, the Foundation actively purchased Oxen tokens on the open market.
LAG Foundation Ltd sold over 13 million Oxen coins to various contributors in the ‘premine’ event, and the Foundation has continued to buy and sell Oxen through direct engagement with various companies and individuals.
Oxen coins are publicly available on several marketplaces that are not owned or operated in any way by LAG Foundation Ltd or its associates. Flaws in exchange software or flaws in the underlying Oxen software may result in losses by users of these exchanges. At present, NO marketplace exists for Oxen that is regulated or protected by governments in any way. There is a significant degree of risk associated with usage of such unregulated and unprotected exchanges, and users should be aware that information provided to the user by these exchanges may be false.
LAG Foundation Ltd, Rangeproof Pty Ltd, and other companies that work on Oxen often participate in these exchanges, and employ a number of trading strategies to further their interests. These strategies include purchasing and selling Oxen in order to complete large over-the-counter deals, placing orders on both sides of an exchange’s order book in order to make a profit on the spread (sometimes called ‘market making’), and engaging in speculative trading. Any volume, price, or order book information provided by exchanges may be impacted by the activities of LAG Foundation Ltd, Rangeproof Pty Ltd and/or its associates.
Insofar as LAG Foundation Ltd or Rangeproof Pty Ltd have been able to determine, this market participation does not contravene any current Australian laws. By disclosing this information here, LAG Foundation Ltd and Rangeproof Pty Ltd believe they have met their obligations under Australian Consumer Law.
LAG Foundation Ltd Wallets
This section describes the process by which any third party can review and audit the wallets controlled by the LAG Foundation Ltd on the Oxen blockchain to validate that the resolutions outlined herein have been correctly followed. Auditors will need to use modified versions of the default wallet software to view some of these transactions, as the wallet software is not set up to correctly view a second output in a coinbase transaction by default.
The first block in the Oxen blockchain contains a block reward of 22,500,000 Oxen. In order to view these outputs correctly, a patch is required to modify the wallet code to detect these unusual outputs. However, these outputs can also be seen on the oxen.observer block explorer by looking at block #0.
Reserve Wallet (PREMINE DESTINATION)
Public Address: LB5Q4XYTd11haHTeFd6mJQ4XBaaxQ9TXuNs7URbBjdLVPQT1WzB9ufzhBFAYibG8gBZsuE7VAj7dAh8W46G8EA3vDPbK1Pt
View Key: d905563f1cc0eada663d0491c78637490a07bd95f4bdb794c20ba605c8a91b00
When looking at the premine wallet with the view key, the wallet will show a balance ABOVE 22.5 Million. This is because a view key only allows you to see incoming transactions. Due to the nature of transactions in Oxen (inherited from Monero), most outgoing transactions send more than the desired amount, and the remaining change is then sent back to the original address. The amount returned is considered an incoming transaction. Because the view key does not allow you to see outgoing transactions, the premine wallet balance will appear larger than it is in reality.
The network was bootstrapped and mined for approximately an hour before the code was released. The first publicly minable block was block 154. All 154 premined blocks were mined to a wallet controlled by the LAG Foundation Ltd. The reason that the software was not immediately released upon the network’s creation was to ensure that the network was stable and that transfers were working between Foundation wallets. Though fairly inconsequential compared to the rest of the premine, the coins mined from these 154 blocks (approx 18,800 Oxen) will be put to good use, as determined by the board of the Foundation in accordance with its constitution.
Every Oxen block contains three outputs. One goes to the miner who constructs the block, the next to a random Service Node, and the last to the Governance wallet specified in the code. Other nodes check that this output was sent to the right place as a consensus rule. Auditors can check the Governance block reward wallet with the same patch to see incoming block rewards equal to 5% of the expected block reward.
Governance Wallet (BLOCK REWARD DESTINATION)
View Key: 934f692dd8506dec9647602ce0b8f31ea92776b8a0d970d55107a7135c7b8409
Staking Wallet (Service Node Wallet)
View Key: f8621f26b497a809e8cb11971244947ff7e65f43a19218d4afd13b4fda5afe0b
For security reasons, we will not specify the exact nature of the wallet/private key management of wallets controlled by the LAG Foundation Ltd, but members of the community should know that many considerations have been made regarding the safe and appropriate storage and use of these wallets.
Once more, a reminder that the view key only allows a user to see incoming transactions. Key images can also be provided, but should not be considered as a trustworthy source, as no evidence of the ultimate recipient of coins can be derived from these key images.
LAG Foundation Ltd has commissioned a financial report for FY17/18, and the results of that report are available on our Financial Audits page. All future reports and related documentation will be made available on that same page.